Thanks for posting such a detailed car search question.
Given your priorities, the Mazda CX-5 is probably the best bet, followed by the Escape (where long-term reliability is a little more questionable but interior materials are a little better and a more powerful engine is available).
I imagine you've written off the Subaru Forester owing to its CVT, but I'd drive one to make sure its really objectionable. I didn't mind the CVT myself. But will the CVT prove reliable? Too soon to say, unfortunately. The oldest Subarus with them are just now turning five.
VWs have improved to where they're often reliable for four to six years, so the Tiguan might also be a viable alternative.
The Honda CR-V is much less fun to drive than most others, with the Toyota RAV4 doesn't ride well and has a subpar interior.